4 Causes of headache during pregnancy

4 Causes of headache during pregnancy
  1. Anemia: it develops as a result of decreased level of hemoglobin in blood. The usual complaint of anemic pregnant women is frontal headache extending to forehead and eyes, this pattern of headache is usually associated with other symptoms such as; pallor, tight chest, palpitation and fatigue. Classic management of anemia during pregnancy includes well-balanced diet and iron supplementation.
  2. Hypertension: monitoring blood pressure during pregnancy is very important to avoid gestational hypertension or preeclampsia. Hypertension-related headache usually involves the top of the head in a progressive course, which could be resistant to classic analgesic drugs. Management of this pattern of headache aims to reduce blood pressure within normal values; this is done by low-salt diet, antihypertensive drugs (Aldomet, Epilat Retard… etc.) as well as routine monitoring of blood pressure.
  3. Hypotension: normal blood pressure during pregnancy could be slightly lower than normal usual values (normal blood pressure 120/80, while during pregnancy 110/70). Further decrease of blood pressure during pregnancy below these ratios usually cause occipital headache which extends to neck region and accompanied with feeling tingling and numbness over these areas. Management of hypotension-related headache includes rest, well-balanced diet, routine monitoring of blood pressure as well as some medications help in elevation of blood pressure within normal ratios (should be used under medical supervision).
  4. Hormonal headache: it develops due to high levels of pregnancy hormones (B-HCG, estrogen, progesterone). This pattern of headache includes overall the head and associated with nausea and vomiting. Hormonal headache is temporary and fades up spontaneously. Anyway, it's advised to drink plenty of fluids to eliminate hormonal headache, also analgesic drugs (as paracetamol) is very helpful.

 


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