Water constitutes 50% - 70% of our body weight and is essential for sustaining life as every cell, tissue, and organ in our body needs water to work properly. Not consuming enough water leads to dehydration as the body does not have enough water to carry out normal functions. Here are a few things you need to know about the importance of drinking water:
The human body needs about 3 to 4 liters of water every day. This includes fluids from water, other beverages, and food.
Certain factors may need you to modify your total fluid intake. These include:
Bodyweight: higher body weight and muscle bulk requires more fluid consumption.
Environment: hot or humid weather can make your body sweat and requires additional amounts of fluid.
Basal metabolic rate: people with faster metabolism need more water than those with a slow metabolic rate.
Exercise: if you participate in activities that make your body sweat, you need to increase your fluid intake to cover the fluid loss.
Inadequate water consumption results in dehydration that can lead to muscle cramps, constipation, fatigue, dry mouth, and dizziness. Severe cases of dehydration can be life-threatening or alter consciousness levels.
While drinking too much water is rare, it can lead to water intoxication and hyponatremia (low blood sodium levels).
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