6 Warning signs for aortic aneurysm

6 Warning signs for aortic aneurysm

Aortic aneurysm is an abnormal dilatation of the lumen of aorta, associated with external bulge in the wall of aorta.

Aorta is the main artery in the body that carries oxygenated blood to the whole body tissues and organs; it consists mainly of two parts:

  • Thoracic aorta: it's located in the thoracic region, above the diaphragm.
  • Abdominal aorta: it's located in the abdominal and pelvic regions below the diaphragm.

The wall thickness in abdominal aorta is less than thoracic aorta, so the abdominal aorta is more liable to aneurysm.

The initial clinical picture of aortic aneurysm consists of the following signs:

  1. Trunk pain (it includes chest, abdominal and back pain).
  2. Fatigue and disturbed level of consciousness.
  3. Tight chest and arrhythmia.
  4. Pallor and heavy sweat.
  5. Nausea and vomiting.
  6. Leg pain or numbness due to compression of nerve roots.

Aortic aneurysm could develop without any apparent symptoms, which is called "silent aneurysm"; it's very serious condition as aneurysm can rupture without any warning signs, leading to massive internal hemorrhage and shock, which is a life threatening condition.

Anyway, we should pay attention to risk factors that increase the incidence of aortic aneurysm; they include:

  • Positive family history.
  • Aging
  • Heavy smoking.
  • Chronic diseases, such as; hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, pericarditis… etc.

Surgical repair by a graft is the main definitive management of aortic aneurysm as well as maintaining blood pressure within normal level.

 


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