Urinary tract infection in children 

Urinary tract infection in children

Urinary tract infections are common in children, so we will discuss the most important causes of infection, symptoms, and treatment?

Urinary tract infections in children may differ from those of adults in terms of causes.

Causes of urinary tract infection in children:

  1. The presence of abnormalities in the urinary system, such as kidney deformity, blockage in the urine tract, will hinder the disposal of urine and thus allow the bacteria to multiply and cause the child to develop urinary tract infection.
  2. The child suffers from a problem in the ureter, which causes vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) (urine flows from bladder to the kidney), which allows the bacteria to multiply causing the urinary tract infection.
  3. Having a family history of urinary tract infections increases the risk of the child developing urinary tract infections.
  4. Lack of hygiene may allow the bacteria to move from the skin, or the anus to the urethra and thus develop a urinary tract infection.

Symptoms of urinary tract infection in children:

Parents should consider that it can be difficult to notice that their infant or newborn has urinary tract infection because there are no obvious symptoms other than high body temperature, and sometimes the child can look lethargic and lose the desire to eat, and prone to vomit and diarrhea, so pay attention to any unusual symptom your child may be suffering from, to be able to receive appropriate treatment as soon as possible and avoid complications.

As for the symptoms in older children:

  1. The child will feel abdominal pain.
  2. Will also feel pain or burning sensation during urination.
  3. The child will feel the need to urinate frequently.
  4. The urine will smell unpleasant.
  5. The urine may become turbid and contain blood.
  6. Urinating in bed despite the child learning to use the toilet.

Treatment of urinary tract infections in children:

Before determining the appropriate treatment, the doctor must first examine the child and perform the necessary tests to confirm the cause of urinary tract infection, whether it's merely an infection or there was a urinary system deformity that lead to the infection.

Antibiotics are used to treat urinary tract infections, taking into account their form of administration depending on the child's age (by injection or orally).

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