Vitiligo is a skin condition that can be observed when some spots in the skin lose their normal color to become whiter or lighter.
Symptoms of vitiligo?
Vitiligo symptoms depend on its type:
1- Acrofacial vitiligo:
This type affects the skin areas around the mouth, eyes, and ear as well as the skin of the hands and face.
2- Localized (focal) vitiligo:
This type affects only one area or a few areas of the skin.
3- Segmental vitiligo:
This type affects one part of the body, begins to appear in the early stages of life where becomes active for a year or two, and then stops.
4- Generalized vitiligo:
This type affects several parts of the skin surface and has a symmetrical pattern.
5- Universal vitiligo:
This type affects the entire surface of the skin and changes the skin color in all areas.
What about his treatment?
At first, the patient should be examined by a dermatologist to diagnose the condition and determine the type of vitiligo.
Possible treatment methods include:
1- Drug therapy.
3- Surgical intervention.
But what causes vitiligo?
Vitiligo occurs when cells stop producing melanin, which can be caused by cell death or cell failure.
Factors that increase the likelihood of developing vitiligo:
2- Autoimmune disease.
3- Trauma to the skin, such as exposure to chemicals or sunburn.
Now we can see that vitiligo is not an infectious disease, we should not treat its patients with some fear or caution, but we must always show support.