Not all cardiac surgeries are major and complicated; there is what we can name as "less invasive heart surgery". This type of surgeries involves small incisions. Also, they include many advantages, as they are less invasive, less trauma, less bleeding, less infection and recovery occurs within less time.
The most common types of minimally invasive heart surgery include the following:
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG): this procedure involves a small incision either through the center or the side of chest. Performing this procedure includes bypass of the blocked coronary arteries by a blood vessel grafts to restore normal blood flow to the heart. These grafts are obtained from the patient's own blood vessels.
Valve procedures: these include either valve repair or valve replacement. This procedure is performed through a small incision in the side of the chest. Also, robotic assistance could be a good option to improve therapeutic results and to promote prognosis.
Aortic procedures: the most common procedure is surgical repair of aortic aneurysm. This procedure includes placement of a stent graft to prevent rupture of the aneurysm, which could be responsible for development of massive internal hemorrhage.
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