Patients undergo knee replacement surgery to relieve and reduce the severe pain caused by joint damage.
In addition to facing difficulties during daily activities such as sitting and getting up, walking, climbing stairs, and even resting.
Therefore Doctors find it necessary to replace the original joint of the knee with an artificial one and attach it to the femur and the leg bone.
What are the reasons for undergoing knee replacement surgery?
2- Breakdown of joint cartilage.
3- Joint stiffness, felt by the patient during the early morning and night, and as this happens more frequently, the patient will have difficulties doing simple things such as wearing socks, shoes, or clothes in general.
4- Obesity and weight gain are also reasons for knee replacement surgery because excess weight causes degeneration and cartilage damage.
5- Injuries or knee fractures.
6- Ageing, as the older the patient the more likely it is that the knee cartilage will be degenerated by time, leading to the need to replace the knee joint.
7- Bowing at the knee.
8- Rheumatoid arthritis (an autoimmune disease).
9- Severe pain, that is intolerable at the external and internal parts of the knee, or even behind the patella (especially in rest mode, which may increase at night in the advanced stages of eating).
10- Severe pain while walking and in more late stages, the patient may need to use a stick or crutch.
Diagnosis before knee joint replacement:
1- Physical examination.
Possible complications of knee replacement surgery include:
1- Postoperative Wound Infection.
2- Blood clots in the leg vein or lungs.
3- Nerve damage.
5- Heart attack.
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