There are many types of wounds, most of which are easy to treat by cleaning the wound and covering it with a sterilized bandage. However, some injuries may require medical care or even stitches.
It is essential to visit a doctor in any of the following cases:
There is excessive bleeding.
The wound is due to an animal bite.
There is a foreign body inside the wound.
The wound lies over a joint, ligament, or tendon.
There is a gap between the two edges of the wound.
The wound is in a sensitive area, such as the genitalia.
The wound is deep and exposing the inner layers of the skin.
The wound is contaminated or caused by rusty or dirty objects.
The wound is in a cosmetically significant area, such as the face.
If the wound requires specialized medical care, the following precautions must be taken:
If the wound contains a foreign body, don't remove it, as it may be stuck in the wound, obstructing the bleeding. The removal could cause excessive bleeding.
Wounds caused by dirty or rusty objects and animal bites need tetanus shots (except for children less than 10 years old and adults who have received a tetanus booster shot within the last 10 years). Antibiotics are also highly recommended to avoid infection.
In cases of wounds with excessive bleeding, apply pressure over the wound, elevate it upwards, and seek immediate medical care.