Colorectal cancer is a malignant tumor that develops in the inner lining of large intestine. This malignant tumor is treatable, especially if diagnosed early in its initial precancerous stage. Through this topic, we will highlight some significant tips that help in early detection and prevention of colorectal cancer.
1. Regular screening: screening by colonoscopy is the main preventive measure against colorectal cancer, especially in high risk group (individuals with positive family history). Regular colonoscopy will prevent colorectal cancer by early detection of precancerous polyps, which is followed by polypectomy.
2. Healthy diet: to reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, it's advised to add more fibers to your diet as well as restriction of fats, processed foods and red meat. On the same context, it's important to maintain your body weight within normal ratios as obesity increases the risk of colorectal cancer.
3. Watch the early signs of colorectal cancer: although many cases of colorectal cancer tend to be asymptomatic, some cases may be presented with blood in the stool, unexplained weight loss and abnormal bowel movement. If you experience these clinical signs, it's important to consult a doctor.
4. Quit smoking: this is because smoking increases the incidence of colorectal cancer.
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