At first, we should confirm that early detection of breast cancer plays an important role in prognosis and increasing the recovery rate of the disease. Accordingly, you should aware of the pathological symptoms which are very helpful in the early detection or at least suspicion of breast cancer.
Clinical picture of breast cancer
Unusual solid mass within breast tissue.
Change in the size or shape of the breast.
Breast lump (unusual slight groove).
Unusual inversion of breast nipple.
Scars in the areola.
Redness over the skin covering the breast.
Unusual breast discharge.
Presence of any of these symptoms (one or more) requires specialized medical consultation, as early detection will increase the chance of absolute recovery as we mentioned above.
Diagnosis of breast cancer
Physical examination: it's the first line of diagnosis, the doctor examine the breast as well as the armpit to search for any abnormal growth of cancerous masses.
Mammogram: it's the gold standard for detection and diagnosis of breast cancer.
Ultrasound examination: usually used for confirmation.
Tissue biopsy and histopathological examination.
Chest MRI: to detect size, site, number and metastasis of the tumor.
Positron emission tomography.
Of course not all of these diagnostic procedures are done; the doctor will choose the appropriate procedures after full assessment of the case to help him in establishing the best therapeutic strategy.
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